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Glossary of Information Governance Terms

ONTOLOGY
  1. Context:
    Computing


    Definition:
    In computer science, an ontology is a data model that represents a domain and is used to reason about the objects in that domain and the relations between them. Ontologies are used in artificial intelligence, the semantic web, software engineering and information architecture as a form of knowledge representation about the world or some part of it.


    Example:


    Source:
    Wikipedia


    URL:
  2. Context:


    Definition:


    Example:


    Source:


    URL:
  3. Context:


    Definition:
    Ontologies are used in artificial intelligence, the semantic web, software engineering and information architecture as a form of knowledge representation about the world or some part of it.


    Example:


    Source:
    Willpower Information


  4. Context:
    Taxonomy


    Definition:
    A hierarchical structure that formally defines the semantic relationship of a set of concepts. Used to create structured / controlled vocabularies for the discovery or exchange of information. A thesaurus, like the AAT is an example.


    Example:


    Source:
    Dublin Core Metadata Initiative


  5. Context:
    Taxonomy


    Definition:
    A formal, machine-readable specification of a conceptual model, in which concepts, properties, relationships, functions, constraints, and axioms are all explicitly defined.


    Example:


    Source:
    Introduction to Metadata, 2nd Edition, Getty Research Institute


  6. Context:
    Metadata


    Definition:
    A type of relational controlled vocabulary, which provides for categories, relationships, rules and axioms among metadata elements. Typically a hierarchy of classes and terms, an ontology is a machine-readable way of relating metadata terminology.


    Example:


    Source:
    Marine Metadata Interoperability


See also

SEMANTIC NETWORK
THESAURUS